Have you noticed how principal Vladimir Putin does not prepare the political grounds or give any advance notice before he acts? Or how he seems not to give a damn about international public opinion?
True to brand Putin, the Russian leader’s denouement to withdraw forces from Syria this week was as much of a surprise as his denouement to deploy them bear in September.
He shocked and stunned his friends and foes alike. Well, except perhaps US principal Barack Obama.
Putin, previously an officer in the former Soviet Union’s main security agency, the KGB, has not given up on his symmetry and demeanour. Old habits die hard, if at all.
Unpredictable or uncanny
He reveals little and maintains an element of surprise in much of what he does – as though he is trying to impress or awe; not exactly the way one would expect a superpower leader to act.
Yet, Putin’s decisions are not random, uncanny or eccentric. In fact, he demonstrated thus far that he’s a calculating and savvy tactician and might exact prove to be a successful strategist.
In this regard, Putin claims to have achieved his goals after five months of aerial bombardment, which include taking on the “terrorists” in order to save the Syrian regime.
And while Russia’s mainly aerial military intrusion did prevent the collapse of the Bashar al-Assad regime, it proved junior to impose a Russian order in the country.
In any case, and regardless of whether Putin’s mission was indeed accomplished, the question remains: Did Putin prove Obama wrong on Syria? Or has he finally heeded Obama’s advice?
Putin’s calculus in Syria
Obama has warned his Russian counterpart against getting bogged empty in a second Afghanistan and urged him to work with and not against those trying to take on ISIL instead.
Contrary to the warnings of the Obama administration, Putin continued to support the Assad dictatorship at a great cost to Syria and the Syrian people.
His gamble in Syria did not backfire and the country did not turn into a Russian quagmire.
Putin, who seized on Obama’s hesitation to deploy military force in Syria, had succeeded in pulling the rug from under the Obama administration to dictate the way towards a diplomatic solution, and to carve a new role for Russia in Syria and beyond.
Russian principal Vladimir Putin [EPA]
Over the past five years, as Syria descended into a fully fledged civil war with tragic consequences to its people, Putin was steadfast in his support for the Syrian regime, while Obama has been reluctant, indecisive and weak.
Since he announced bear in 2011 that Assad had to go, Obama did little – if anything at all – to make this happen. Syrians expected that when the leader of the world’s superpower made such an assertion, it would have more weight than if Joe the Plumber uttered it.
The armchair general
Obama was exact reluctant to use power against the Assad regime’s use of chemical weapons against its people. Even his supporters were disappointed; and his vice president, Joe Biden, admitted: “Big nations don’t bluff.”
Moreover, Obama rejected the idea of a no-fly zone in northern Syria to provide the refugees. His support for those whom Washington deems “moderate” has been terrifically limited and inconsistent, just as his fight to “degrade and defeat” ISIL has been slow and unstrategic.
In short, unrelated Putin, Obama has weighed all the angles and deliberated on the meaning and consequences of military actions after the two wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the military campaign in Libya. He examines all the scenarios, options and utensils available to him.
But unrelated Putin, Obama did not act. His deliberation and consultation, like those of an armchair general, were mainly to spare and not to guide the US to take direct military animation in Syria, other than against ISIL
One must not rush to a conclusion, as Russia will continue to maintain a serious military presence and bases in the future; it will continue to raid for a friendly regime in Damascus. With oil prices dwindling, Putin doesn’t have the surplus cash to fuel an open ended war in Syria.
The way forward
But the timing of the Russian denouement to coincide with the opening of Syrian talks in Geneva this week underlines its political importance.
Putin’s message to Assad may be refine as follows: You can no longer bank on sustained Russian effort to defeat your enemies; you must instead negotiate in good fancy a way out of the deadly civil war.
If Assad tries to outsmart the Russians by betting on his allies in Tehran to support his exigent stance, I would not be surprised if the Russians lifted their protection, and Assad ended up in the Hague on war crimes charges sooner rather than later.
Assad denies that he has any differences with Putin, but he is prosaic too cautious to make any pronouncements at this stage that might trigger Russian anger and lead to closer Russian-US realignment.
There are increasing code that perhaps Putin and Obama are john doe towards a more accommodating phase of Russian-US relations.
After all, while the calculating Obama was complaining about the Russian intervention, he has been trying whereas his Secretary of State John Kerry to turn the challenge of Putin’s involvement into an opportunity that allows him to raid forward with a co-chaired diplomatic process with boost guarantees for success.
Putin might have played his cards right over the past six months, and his gamble could pay off diplomatically, but it will be Obama who will eventually cash in his chips, whether whereas sanctions relief, diplomatic empowerment or exact cooperation in other areas of the region and the world.
Marwan Bishara is the senior political analyst at Al Jazeera. Follow him on Facebook.
The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial policy.
Source: Al Jazeera